Pest Facts: Springtails
Springtails get their common name from the fact that most species have a spring-like structure which allows them to jump 3 to 4 inches. They are nuisance pests that are attracted to areas of high moisture. There is over 600 species that occur in the United States.
- Color: Numerous colors
- Legs: Six
- Shape: Very small, elongate
- Size: 1/32 to 1/8 inch
- Antennae: Yes
- Flying: No
- Region: All 50 states
Springtails feed on decaying vegetation, fungi, bacteria, pollen, arthropod feces, and carrion. They must live in a high moisture environment so indoors they will commonly be found in bathrooms and kitchens, damp crawlspaces, and damp wall voids.
Springtails inhabit only moist or damp areas because they can rapidly lose water through their cuticle. Most species occur outdoors in great numbers but will invade indoors when their outdoor habitat dries up. They can often be found trapped in bath tubs and sinks. They are attracted to light.
Springtails are harmless but may cause some minor itching on the skin.
Dry ot harborage sites such as leaf piles, mulch piles, debris or other vegetation. Seal cracks and crevices well to prevent structural entry.